Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic
There is no question too big or too small for our veterinary team. Below are some answers to our most common questions.
Post & Pre-Op FAQ
My pet is scheduled to have surgery, what do I need to know ahead of time?
My pet is scheduled to have a dental procedure tomorrow, what do I need to know ahead of time?
My pet is scheduled to have an abdominal ultrasound, what do I need to know ahead of time?
My pet is scheduled to have a CT, what do I need to know ahead of time?
When should my pet have their sutures removed?
How long should my pet wear a cone?
How can I access my pet’s x-rays, ultrasound, or CT images?
If your pet had x-rays or a CT scan at Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic, they are accessible on our website using the Radiograph Access portal and the patient ID of your last name, comma, space, and the patient’s first name as it appears in their patient file. If you are unsure how it appears in their patient file, you can check your invoice. If your pet had an ultrasound at our EAST clinic, their ultrasound images will be accessible following the directions above. If your pet had an ultrasound at our WEST clinic, please call the clinic at (608) 497-1392, and a link to view the ultrasound will be emailed to you. If you are having trouble accessing the ultrasound via the link emailed to you, please make sure you are using Chrome as your internet browsing on a desktop computer and laptop.
Wellness Exam FAQ
What does it mean if my pet is scheduled for a “tech appointment”?
Why are some vaccines yearly and others every 3 years?
My pet doesn’t do well at the vet, is there anything I can do to prepare them?
For dogs, if they have had a previous stressful experience, please let us know. We’re happy to send home medication to try and see if we can make it a better visit! Also, you’re always welcome to stop by to say hello and have a stress-free visit! They don’t always have to have something potentially scary happen every time they come. We are in this profession because we love animals and are always happy to help “socialize” them.
What’s the difference between core vaccines and lifestyle vaccines?
What is leptospirosis? Does my dog need the lepto vaccine?
Leptospirosis is a bacterium that is spread via wild animal urine and can be found in any water source (pond, bird bath, lake, puddle etc.). It can cause liver failure, kidney failure, difficulty breathing, and death. If your dog swims, likes to lick gross things outside, drinks out of anything outside, it is highly recommended.
What is lyme disease? Does my dog need the lyme vaccine?
Lyme disease is a bacterium that is spread via the deer tick and can cause limping/limb soreness and limping, swollen lymph nodes, joint swelling, fatigue, fevers and loss of appetite. In addition, serious kidney complications have been associated with lyme disease in dogs. If your dog goes hunting, to dog parks, or runs around in areas with tall grass, it is highly recommended.
What is Bordetella? Does my dog need the Bordetella vaccine?
Bordetella bronchiseptica is the most common bacterial agent responsible for kennel cough in dogs. It causes inflammation of your dog’s upper respiratory system and this inflammation leads to coughing and illness that can expose your dog to secondary infections. It is highly contagious between dogs that are sharing saliva in water bowls, on toys, and by playing. If your dog is boarded, goes to dog parks, groomed, goes to dog shows, or is frequently around other non-family dogs, it is highly recommended (and most facilities require it).
What is canine influenza? Does my dog need the canine influenza vaccine?
Canine Influenza in dogs can cause a cough, runny nose, fever, lethargy, eye discharge, a reduced appetite, and some dogs may show no signs of illness. In severe cases, pneumonia and sometimes death may also happen. While not common in our area, at times cases do pop up. Because of this, some local kennels also have it as a requirement.
What is FeLV/FIV?
FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus) and FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus). While a cat with either virus has the potential of living a healthy, long life, some may be affected more than others. When the FIV virus is active (which may take months or years), it can weaken the cat’s immune system, leaving them at risk for different infections. The virus has also been shown to cause cancers in some infected cats. While FELV is a different virus, it may present like FIV in cats. FELV is the most common cause of cancer in cats, may cause various blood disorders, and may lead to a state of immune deficiency that hinders a cat’s ability to protect itself against other infections. FELV is considered the “nice cat” virus and FIV the “mean cat” virus because of how they are transmitted. FELV can be passed between cats through saliva, tears, nasal secretions, urine, and feces, while FIV is transmitted when an infected cat bites another and is highly unlikely to be passed through casual contact.
How do I collect a fecal sample?
How do I collect a urine sample from my dog?
When should I start progesterone testing my dog before breeding?
How much semen is considered a breeding dose?
What are the important progesterone numbers before breeding?
I am using frozen semen for an upcoming breeding, why does SFVC recommend a surgical insemination over a TcI?
I want to get my male collected and have the semen frozen. Do you do that? How does it work? How much does it cost?
We offer “collect and freeze” appointments on Tuesdays at our West Clinic (1848 Waldorf Blvd) from 10AM-12PM. The appointment involves a doctor manually collecting a sample from the dog, then analyzing it using a microscope and our digital SpermVision software. The doctor will discuss the vitality and motility of the sample with you and pending the quality, how many breeding doses your dog produced. After your appointment, our technician performs the freezing process on the sample where the semen is frozen as pellets, and then placed into vials and stored in containers of liquid nitrogen. After this process is complete the sperm can be stored indefinitely. Two to four weeks after the initial freeze, the technician will perform a “test thaw” on a single pellet of the sample to ensure the sperm survived the freezing process – if there are any concerns with the test thaw, we will contact you personally. The total cost is covered at the time of the appointment and ranges from $500-600, depending on how much semen your dog produces, as the first year of storage is included with the price ($12.72 per vial per year). How much they produce varies depending on the size of the dog, their age, health, if there is a “teaser” present (a bitch in heat), and whether the dog has been collected before. If for whatever reason we are unable to collect a sample or the sample produced is not viable enough to freeze, further options can be discussed at that time and charges may differ.
What’s the difference between a side-by-side AI, TCI, and a surgical insemination?
I want to breed my dog. My breeding mentor recommends a TCI - why is that more expensive?
I’ve been running progesterone tests at my local vet - do I have to run one at your clinic before breeding?
What are the differences between the flea and tick products you carry?
Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic carries six different types of flea and tick prevention for dogs, and two different flea and tick preventatives for cats. Which of these we recommend for you and your pet will vary depending on your lifestyle and your pet’s individual needs. Below are the products we carry in-house and most frequently recommend for our patients, in alphabetical order:
- FrontLine Gold for cats: monthly topical that kills fleas and ticks.
- FrontLine Gold for dogs: monthly topical that kills fleas and ticks. Safe for use in pregnant and lactating dogs.
- Nexgard for dogs: monthly chewable tablet that kills fleas and ticks before they can transfer diseases.
- Revolution Plus for cats: monthly topical that kills fleas and ticks, prevents heartworm disease, treats, and controls ear mites, roundworms, and hookworms.
- Seresto for dogs: collar providing up to 8-months of flea, tick, and lice repellent. Kills fleas and ticks.
- Simparica for dogs: monthly chewable tablet that kills fleas and ticks before they can transfer diseases.
- Simparica Trio for dogs: monthly chewable tablet that kills fleas and ticks before they can transfer diseases and prevents heartworm disease, roundworm and hookworm infestations.
- Seresto for dogs: collar providing up to 8-months of flea, tick, and lice repellent. Kills fleas and ticks.
- Vectra 3D for dogs: monthly topical that repels and kills fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, lice, mites, and biting & sand flies.
What are the differences between the heart worm prevention that you carry?
Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic offers 3 different types of heartworm prevention for dogs. Which of these we recommend for your dog depends on your lifestyle and their individual needs. The products we carry in-house and most frequently recommend are:
- Heartgard Plus: monthly chewable tablet that prevents heartworm disease, hookworm, and roundworm infestations.
- ProHeart 12: yearly injection that prevents heartworm disease and treats hookworm infestations. Safe for pregnant and lactating dogs, and ivermectin-sensitive collies.
- Simparica Trio: monthly chewable tablet that prevents heartworm disease, kills fleas and ticks before they can transfer diseases and prevents hookworm and roundworm infestations.
I give my dog heartworm prevention year-round – why do they still need an annual heartworm test?
Pre-Planning and Pet Aftercare
How do I know when it’s time?
You know your pet, and will recognize specific changes that indicate the right time, such as:
- Lack of interest in food or water
- Incontinence (accidents in the house) or being unable to eliminate without falling down
- No longer greeting you when you come home
- No longer patrolling the yard or protecting their territory
- Lack of grooming in cats, and some dogs
- No longer wagging their tail, or constantly holding it down
- Isolation from the family or other household pets, particularly in places they seldom go
- Lack of interest in playing
- Inability to stand or walk on their own
- Attitude changes, such as depression, aggression, or confusion
- Not wanting to do the things they enjoy
- Having fewer good days than bad
How do I know if my pet is in pain?
How do I schedule an appointment to have my pet humanely euthanized?
You may schedule an appointment for humane euthanasia by calling the clinic of your choice or completing an appointment request form. If you are not sure if euthanasia is the right choice currently but are concerned about your pet’s quality of life, please schedule an appointment with a veterinarian to discuss their quality of life.
Should I bring my children to the appointment?
You are the best person to decide who should be present. Keep in mind that young children, younger than 5 or 6 years old, may not understand the concept that death is permanent and be confused or distraught by their parent’s emotions. If you are concerned that children may distract from your pets’ final moments, we suggest they not be present.
Can I stay with my pet during the euthanasia procedure?
Yes, you are welcome to stay for the procedure if you feel comfortable. Shortly after arrival your pet will be separated from you for a short time to allow the nurses to place an intravenous catheter into their front leg, but then they will be returned to you in the exam room where you may elect to be present for the entire procedure. Some, however, wish to be present for sedation only. It is your personal decision.
What can I expect with a peaceful passing?
To ensure a peaceful passing, Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic uses a two-step process that starts with a heavy sedative. This will cause your pet to feel calm and comfortable before they fall asleep, after which the veterinarian will inject the euthanasia medication, which is an overdose of a barbiturate, into your pet’s vein. This medication affects the brain first, then stops respiration and the heart. After your pet passes, you may take as much time as you need to say your final goodbyes.
How does the euthanasia drug work?
The euthanasia solution stops all brain function, so no signals are being sent to the heart or lungs, which in turn will stop working.
Is humane euthanasia painful for my pet?
No. An anesthesia induction agent is often used to provide sedation prior to the euthanasia solution being administered.
How long does the euthanasia process take?
A euthanasia appointment is scheduled for 30-minutes. Your pet is first fitted with an intravenous catheter, then given an injection of a heavy sedative that will help them to relax or, in some cases, fall asleep. The final injection is fast acting and takes effect in 30 to 60 seconds in most patients. After the procedure, the veterinarian will confirm the absence of a heartbeat and leave the exam room to give you as much alone time with your pet as you need.
What will happen after my pet is euthanized?
Most people choose to have a pet cremated unless they have an option for burial at home. If cremation is elected, Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic will coordinate with Memorial Pet Services to transport your pet to their facility for cremation. If private cremation or a paw print is selected, Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic will coordinate with Memorial Pet Services to have these items returned to Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic, after which our staff will contact you for pick-up.
Can my pet be cremated with their collar on or with their favorite toy, bed, or blanket?
No, any non-organic materials present will be removed at the crematorium prior to the pet being placed in the cremation chamber. Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic will save collars, blankets, etc. left at euthanasia appointments for pets receiving private cremation and/or memorial item(s). If selecting communal cremation and no memorial item(s), you may take your pet’s collar and any other personal belongs after the appointment, or request that they be set aside for you to pick up later.
What is pet cremation? Where are pets cremated?
Just like with human cremation, flame-based pet cremation uses high heat to reduce a body to cremated remains, or what most people call “ashes”.
When a pet is cremated, you can choose to have the cremated remains (ashes) returned to you or not. Sondel Family Veterinary Clinic works exclusively with a trusted pet crematorium in Madison called Memorial Pet Services.
You may elect to have the cremated remains returned to you by selecting private cremation. Private cremation is when only one pet is placed in each crematory chamber. Alternatively, pets are placed into the crematory together and cremated together with a communal cremation.
How do I choose between private and communal cremation?
Consider your own circumstances, religious or spiritual beliefs, or history with previous family pets. You may choose private cremation if you would like to scatter ashes somewhere meaningful to you, want physical remains in an urn where you can see them in your home, or want the option of creating a keepsake which incorporates ashes such as a piece of jewelry. Many pet owners want to remember their loved pets in their mind or through photos instead and elect communal cremation.